Lopez v. Pacific Maritime Ass’n, 636 F.3d 1197 (2011) When Santiago Lopez first applied to be a longshoreman in 1997, his application was rejected because he tested positive for marijuana. The PMA, which represents the shipping lines, stevedore companies and terminal operators that run the ports along the west coast, follows a “one-strike rule,” which … Continue Reading
Lutz v. Glendale Union High School, 403 F.3d 1061 (9th Cir. 2005) Claudette Lutz, a longtime teacher and assistant principal at schools in Glendale, Arizona, alleged that she was fired in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Lutz filed her case in Arizona state court, and the school district removed the action to … Continue Reading
Leonel v. American Airlines, Inc., 400 F.3d 702 (9th Cir. 2005) Walber Leonel and two other individuals applied for flight attendant positions with American Airlines. Plaintiffs were interviewed in Dallas and received conditional offers of employment, contingent upon their passing background checks and medical examinations. Although none of the applicants disclosed his HIV-positive status or … Continue Reading
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